Giuliano Amato, born in 1938, studied law at the University of Pisa, where he graduated in 1960. He was conferred with a Master’s degree in Comparative Law at the School of Law of Columbia University in 1962. He was Professor of Comparative Constitutional Law at the University of Rome, School of Political Science, from 1975 to 1977, he is Professor Emeritus of the European University Institute in Florence and gives yearly seminars at the Law School of Columbia University. He has been a member of the Italian Parliament for 18 years, and has covered the roles of Under Secretary to the Prime Minister’s Office, Minister for the Treasury, Minister for Constitutional Reforms, Minister of the Interior, Deputy Prime Minister and was Prime Minister twice (in 1992/1993 and 2000/2001). He also headed the Italian Antitrust Authority from 1994 to 1997, was Vice-President of the Convention on the Future of Europe (2002/2003) and Chairman of the International Commission on the Balkans, sponsored in 2005 by the Bosch Stiftung, the German Marshall Fund, the Kink Baudoin Foundation and the C.S. Foundation. He also chaired the Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana (2009/2013), the Center for American Studies in Rome and the international Advisory Board of the Fondazione Italiani Europei. Currently, he is a Judge of the Italian Constitutional Court, appointed by the President of the Republic on 12 September 2013. In 2002 he was elected Honorary Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has written books and articles on the economy and public institutions, European antitrust, personal liberties, comparative government, European Integration and Humanities.