Nikolay Petrovis Scholar in Residence at the Carnegie Moscow Center, where he works at Domestic Politics and Political Institution program and directs the project ‘Society and regions’. He also serves as a columnist for The Moscow Times, a member of PONARS, and a member of scientific board of The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies and of editorial board of Russian Politics and Law. From 1990 until 1995, he served as an advisor to the Russian parliament, government, and presidential administration. He is the author or editor of numerous publications dealing with analysis of Russia’s political regime, post-Soviet transformation, social-economic and political development of Russia’s regions, democratization, federalism, and elections, among other topics. His works include the three-volume 1997 Political Almanac of Russia (in Russian) and the annual supplements to it. He is the coauthor of Between Dictatorship and Democracy: Russian post-communist political reform (2004), The Dynamics of Russian Politics: Putin’s Reform of Federal-Regional Relations in two volumes (2004, 2005), Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain (2010), Overmanaged Democracy in Russia: Governance Implications of Hybrid Regimes (2010).