Special Event: A Case for Military Neutrality in the 21st Century
- What is the support for and do citizens understand your country’s military neutrality? Do they consider it as a foreign policy interest and value?
- How do you respond to criticism that military neutrality is an “outdated” concept? How different it is to neutrality your respective country observed during the Cold War?
- Does military neutrality also imply political neutrality?
- How do you “reconcile” proclaimed military neutrality and the need for cooperation with other alliances?
- How do you communicate military neutrality to key partners?
- How do you see the further development of this concept in the 21st century?
Military neutrality has long been considered in the context of the Cold War divide. However, many European countries have remained militarily neutral – the Republic of Ireland, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland, Austria – long since the Cold War had ended. Serbia proclaimed military neutrality in 2007, and reaffirmed it in security and defense strategy in 2009 (new documents expected to be adopted later this year). Different reasons have led to neutrality; for some, it was a matter of history and legacy, constituting an important part of country’s strategic culture. Faced with new challenges to their security, countries start to critically reassess it. However, few opt for change. Europe’s peculiarity is the fact that many of the military neutral countries are at the same time members of the European Union, which – slowly, but surely – has been developing common defense policy. Question is, how can these two trends be reconciled with other alliances, particularly in the case of conflict, and important is recognition and support from the citizens.
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